Y. D. Tiwari

1 05 2009

Y. D. Tiwari (1911-1997) was an Indian Theologian and a leading participant in Hindu-Christian dialogue. He was a Scholar in Sanskrit, Hindi and Greek. The Bible Society of India made him revise the Hindi Bible (New Testament) into contemporary version.

History

Yisu Das Tiwari was born Badri Prasad Tiwari into a Vaishnavite family in Agra in 1911 to Smt. Rajkunwar and Pandit Hari Govind Tiwari. As a growing youth, Tiwari was influenced by Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj and Swami Rama Tirtha.

It was during his college days, that he came under the influence of Canon Holland, E. Stanley Jones, C. F. Andrews and others. After a reading of the Gospel according to Saint John, he took keen interest in the studies of the Bible and devotional writings of Christian mystics. Jesus Christ became his Ishta deva. However, his new found faith did not go well with his family members who sent him for internment to a mental asylum.

Tiwari however became a Christian and chose to be baptised in January 1935 under the aegis of the Baptist Missionary Society.

He later joined the History-Maker Gandhiji’s Ashram in Wardha and began to follow Gandhiji’s teachings. He swore to uphold Satya and began to wear khadi clothes.

Simultaneously, Tiwari began growing in his new-found faith in Lord Jesus Christ and chose to become a Priest. He was ordained by the Baptist Missionary Society.

It was William Carey who first brought out the Hindi Bible.

In the latter half of the twentieth century, the Bible Society of India took upon the task of translating the existing versions of the Bible into contemporary versions. As early as 1956, the Hindi Common Language Translation Panel headed by Y. D. Tiwari came out with the Gospel according to Mark. In due course of time, the other books of the New Testament were also translated from the original Greek into Hindi.

Translations (year-wise)

* 1956, Gospel according to Mark in Hindi.
* 1958, Epistle to the Philippians in Hindi.
* 1959, Gospel according to John in Hindi.
* 1961, Gospel according to St John in Hindi. and The Gospels and Acts. .
* 1962, Four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles in Hindi.
* 1967, New Testament in Hindi.

Teaching
New look Serampore College on May Day 2006. Tiwari once taught Sanskrit and Philosophy of Religions here.

Tiwari began his career as a Teacher in Schools before finally stepping onto the portals of Seminaries. He first taught at the North India United Theological College in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh before he moved to the famed Serampore College, Serampore, West Bengal. He was Lecturer in Sanskrit and Philosophy of Religions at the Serampore College from 1963 to 1972. Notable among his students were D. S. Satyaranjan, Paulose Mar Paulose, G. Babu Rao and others.

Rev. Tiwari later taught at the Bishop’s College, Kolkata from the academic year 1972-1973 onwards.

* K. V. Matthew, Ph. D. (Edinburgh), Professor of Old Testament, Mar Thoma Theological Seminary, Kottayam:

“ …..He shunned violence. He was a ‘sadhu’ indeed. This doesn’t mean that Yesudas was a coward or one who could not endure pain and suffering. He would endure anything in his body and mind and never cause pain to others. Being a bystander or witness to violence like a sadist, was not part of his nature. Being a ‘sadhu’, he was full of love and compassion. It was difficult for anyone to pick a fight with Tiwari. He was willing to lend a helping hand to others at all times. ”

* K. P. Aleaz, D. Th. (SATHRI), Professor of Religions, Bishop’s College, Kolkata:

“ …..He inculcated in students a respect for other religious experiences. Through his life, he taught that we can be disciples of Jesus without discarding any of our ancestral cultural traits. He was a typical Indian Christian, whose life proclaimed that Christianity is not a foreign religion. He was a person who kept constant contact with the people of other religious faiths; a person who was all for dialogue in practice. He had deep knowledge in Hindu Sanskrit religious texts, but would impart that knowledge to another person only if he found that person fit to receive. ”

In the year 1955, Tiwari gave a talk on “We Preach Christ the Crucified Saviour” in London during the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of the Baptist World Alliance.

Senate of Serampore College (University)

India’s first University, the Senate of Serampore College (University) in West Bengal conferred upon him a Doctor of Divinity, honoris causa in the year 1995.

Source: Wikipedia.com accessed from the link:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y._D._Tiwari


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